Tendons are tissues that connect muscles to bone. For example, the Achilles tendon connects your calf muscle to your heel bone. When muscles contract, tendons pull on bones. This causes parts of your body to move. Most tendon injuries occur near joints, such as the shoulder, elbow, knee and ankle. A tendon injury may seem to happen suddenly, but usually it is the result of many tiny tears to the tendon that have happened over time. A fully torn or cut tendon will make it impossible for you to move or bend the affected body part.
Anyone can have a tendon injury, but people who make the same motions over and over in sports or daily activities are more likely to damage a tendon. And because tendons are injured and tear in different ways – such as straight across, at an angle or pulled right off of the bone – there are different methods that we use to repair them.
If rest, medication and/or physical therapy don’t prove beneficial, or if the injury is severe, we may use a splint, brace or casting to hold the tendon in place. Surgery may be necessary to treat a ruptured tendon and can often be done arthroscopically through small incisions in the skin.
Our goal through treatment is to provide pain relief, reduce further tendon damage and encourage tendon regeneration for better movement.